Hankalin rashin daidaituwa na rashin hankali (ADHD) cuta ne farkon-farawar neurodevelopmental wanda ya ƙunshi matsaloli na hankali, hauhawar yanayin aiki da kuma motsa rai.[2].

Ofaya daga cikin wahalolin da ke tattare da wannan cuta ta shafi yanayin makaranta: a cikin yara da matasa masu wannan cutar ana samun sauƙin aiki. An fara daga wannan bayanan, rukuni na masu bincike[1] ya kasance mai sha'awar gano wasu abubuwa masu iya hango koyan koyarda makaranta.

Ofaya daga cikin gwaje-gwajen gaskiya waɗanda ake amfani dasu akai-akai a cikin ƙididdigar ganewar asali don ADHD da aka ɗauka shine WISC-IV; gwaji ne na matakin hankali wanda ake amfani dashi sosai a yankuna da yawa (alal misali a cikin gwaje-gwajen neuropsychological don zargin dyslexia da ake zargi) kuma wanda, bayan ƙwarewar hankali, yana ba da alamu kan takamaiman fannoni waɗanda galibi sune: ikon magana na magana. , kwarewar dalilai na gani-sarari, ƙwaƙwalwar aiki mai aiki da saurin sarrafawa.


Masu binciken sun mayar da hankali kan yawan maki da WISC-IV ya annabta don fahimtar waɗanne ne suka fi amfanar ƙaddara aikin makaranta a gaban ADHD.

Binciken

Groupungiyar yara waɗanda shekarunsu tsakanin 8 da 12 (rabin da aka gano tare da ADHD da rabi tare da haɓaka haɓaka) sun ci jarrabawar da aka ambata, WISC-IV, da sauran daidaitattun gwaje-gwajen da suka shafi ilimin makaranta, i.e. waɗanda aka zata a cikin KTEA (karatu da lissafi).

Manufar malamai shine a duba menene ƙwallayen WISC-IV (gwajin hankali) waɗanda ke da alaƙa da yawa a cikin gwajin koyon makaranta.

Un na biyu sakamakon farkon shine gano ƙananan IQ a cikin ADHD. Kafin tsallake zuwa ƙarshe, yana da amfani don gabatar da ƙarin bayanai: mafi ƙarancin ƙarancin yawan maki a cikin WISC-IV bai damu da ƙaddamarwa ba duka amma abubuwan da aka ƙaddara biyu sun ƙaddara, i.e. theAlamar Fahimtar Magana (wanda zamu iya rubutu a cikin ikon bayyana dalilai na magana) daTushen Tsarin Memorywa Memorywalwar ajiya; Ta wata ma'ana, mafi ƙarancin maki a cikin IQ bai wakilci ƙarancin damar tattaunawa ba amma yana da alaƙa da takamaiman fannoni (ƙwarewar ma'amala da kuma saurin sarrafawa, duk da haka, al'ada).

Un na uku sakamakon, watakila mafi ban sha'awa, shine cewa dangantakar dake tsakanin bayyanar cutar ADHD da cin nasarar ilimi ya lalace ta hanyar makiAlamar Fahimtar Magana kuma a cikinTushen Tsarin Memorywa Memorywalwar ajiya. Musamman, ra'ayoyin da ke cikin waɗannan abubuwan binciken WISC-IV guda biyu sun yi bayani game da kusan 50% na dangantakar da ke tsakanin bayyanar cutar ADHD da gwajin koyon makaranta; musamman, shine ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar aiki wanda yake da nauyi mafi girma, yana bayanin 30% na wannan dangantakar (yayin da aka bayyana 20% na yawan maki a cikinAlamar Fahimtar Magana).
Don haka, idan aka gwada yara da matasa tare da ADHD idan aka kwatanta da aikin karatun su, wani muhimmin sashi na bambance-bambance na iya samu daga ƙwaƙwalwar aiki da ƙwarewar magana.

Un na hudu sakamakon yana da asali musamman a cikin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar aiki. Za a rabaAikin Memoryaƙwalwar Aiki, masu binciken sun bincika wanene daga cikin subtests biyu da suke shirya shi (Waƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa e Maimaitawa Haruffa da Lambobi) ya kasance mafi mahimmanci a cikin sasantawa tsakanin alaƙar ADHD da ƙananan nasarar ilimi. Sakamakon binciken ya nuna cewa kawai Maimaitawa Haruffa da Lambobi yana da rawa a cikin wannan dangantakar.

Hakanan zaku iya sha'awar: Wuya tare da ƙwaƙwalwar aiki (kuma ba kawai). Abinda yakamata ayi a makaranta

da sabon sakamako kula da kowane fannin ilimin makaranta:Alamar Fahimtar Magana da kuma Maimaitawa Haruffa da Lambobi Dukansu suna da alaƙa da kwarewar karatu (duka biyun daga ra'ayi na ƙodiddigewa kuma dangane da fahimtar abin da ake karantawa) yayin da dangane da ƙwarewar lissafi, daga wannan binciken ne kawai ake samun sakamako a Maimaitawa Haruffa da Lambobi Da alama suna bayanin wahalar yara maza da ADHD idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda ke da ci gaba na al'ada.

karshe

Bayanan da suke fitowa daga wannan binciken suna nuna mana suna da matukar amfani. Kodayake ba mai ƙoshin lafiya ba ne don kimantawar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwayar cuta, gwaji na yau da kullun a cikin shekaru na haɓaka kamar WISC-IV ya riga ya iya samar da wasu alamu masu haɗari a gaban cutar ADHD.

Musamman, da ƙananan daras a cikinAlamar Fahimtar Magana da alama za ku lura da matsaloli a cikin karatu a cikin yaro tare da ADHD. Matsalolin za su kara zama da rikitarwa a gaban low scores a cikin Maimaitawa Haruffa da Lambobi waxanda suke da alamura masu maimaituwa a fagen lissafi, ban da ya shafi fannin karatun.

Bibliography

  1. Calub, CA, Rapport, MD, Friedman, LM, & Eckrich, SJ (2019). IQ da nasarar ilimi a cikin yara tare da ADHD: Bambancin tasirin ayyukan takamaiman sani. Journal of Psychopathology da Tsarin halayen, 41(4), 639-651.
  2. Nuckols, CC, & Nuckols, CC (2013). Littafin bincike da ƙididdiga na Cutar Hauka, (DSM-5). Philadelphia: Americanungiyar Ilimin Zaman Lafiya na Amurka.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

Yaya alaƙar ke tsakanin ayyukan zartarwa da hankali?