A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, sha'awar rikice-rikicen harshe na asali da rikice-rikicen hankali waɗanda galibi ke faruwa suna ƙaruwa. Taron yarjejeniya[1] na shekarar 2019 ya fayyace hakan Rashin fahimtar ilimin harshe yawanci ana alaƙa da nau'ikan matsaloli na fahimi. Waɗannan sun haɗa da sauye-sauye a cikin zartarwa.

Kamar yadda za'a iya fahimta daga taken, binciken da muke magana akai yana nuna damuwa game da haɗin gwiwa tsakanin ayyukan zartarwa da ƙayyadaddun ƙa'idodin yare a cikin yara na makarantar yara.

Binciken

Marini da abokan aiki sun gudanar da binciken[2] akan karamin rukunin yara, masu shekaru tsakanin 4 zuwa 5, wadanda rabinsu sun kamu da cuta ta asali. Manufar shine a binciki waɗannan abubuwan:


  • Idan yara masu matsalar magana suna da ƙananan gwajin gwajin aiki akan ayyukan zartarwa
  • Idan a fagen ilimin harshe ne ƙarancin kula da fahimta da samarwa
  • Idan maki a cikin gwaje-gwaje a kan ayyukan zartarwa suna da alaƙa da wahalar harshe da labari

Har ya zuwa yau, an gwada dukkan yara bakin aiki aiki ƙwaƙwalwar, wannan shine Waƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa na WISC-R, don gwaji gahanawa, i.e. thehanawa na NEPSY-II, kuma da yawa gwaje-gwajen na harshe an ɗauka daga BVL 4-12 yana zuwa don kimanta ƙimar fasahar nuna bambancin fasaha, kwarewar lexical a cikin fahimta da samarwa, ƙwarewar nahawu a cikin fahimta da samarwa, da kuma kwarewar labarin.

Game da na biyu, bayanan sun fi rikitarwa: wasu bangarorin ilimin harshe suna kan matsakaiciyar ƙananan a cikin yara masu matsalar harshe (ƙimar fasaha, nuna bambancin sauti, fahimtar nahawu da samarwa, amfani da kalmomin da suka dace a cikin samar da labarai) yayin da sauran fannoni na fi'ili kuma ana kwatanta su da na yara masu haɓaka na al'ada (samarwa da fahimta ta hanyar lexical, kurakuran fahimtar duniya a yayin ba da labari).

Game da na uku tunani, ayyukan aiwatarwa da aka kimanta suna da alaƙa da za a iya haɗa su da bangarori da yawa na ilimin harshe: 17% na ma'anar ƙimar fasahar fasaha ta hanyar ƙwaƙwalwar aiki; ƙwaƙwalwar aiki yayi bayani game da 16% na bambancin bambancin ƙirar ƙirar wuta da hanawa bayyana 59%; 38% na bambancin fahimtar ilimin nahawu an bayyana shi ta hanyar ƙwaƙwalwar aiki yayin da hanawa bayyana 49% na shi; ƙwaƙwalwar aiki yayi bayani 10% na lexical informativity, yayin da 30% na ƙarshen an yi bayani ta hanyar maki a cikin gwajin hanawa; a karshe, hanawa yayi bayanin adadin 22% na kwatancen da suka danganci cikar jimlolin.

karshe

Bayanan da aka ambata yanzu suna ba da shawarar kusanci tsakanin raunin harshe da ayyukan zartarwa (ko aƙalla wasu abubuwan da aka gyara). Yara masu ƙarancin ilimin yare suna iya yiwuwa ma su sami matsaloli aƙalla cikin ƙwaƙwalwar aiki da / ko kuma a cikin iyawar inhibitory ɗin su. Bayan haka kuma, ka'idojin da aka samo sun nuna cewa mafi tsananin rauni na fi'ili shine, hakan zai yuwu a sami canji a cikin ayyukan zartarwa.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

Waɗanne al'amura ne na Ayyukan ADHD ke Shafar Aikin Makaranta?