Mun riga mun yi magana a lokuta da yawa na m kuma daga zartarwa, ko da kwatanta binciken da zai kawo haske wasu bambance -bambance masu mahimmanci.
A lokaci guda, duk da haka, ba makawa a lura wani mataki na jituwa tsakanin ma'anonin gine -gine guda biyu; misali, dabaru da dabarun warware matsaloli ana amfani da su cikin tsari a cikin dabaru daban-daban da kuma bayanin ayyukan zartarwa. Koyaya, waɗannan iyawar biyu sau da yawa suna ba da gudummawa wajen bayyana halayen da yawanci muke bayyana su a matsayin "masu hankali".
Ganin wannan kamanceceniya tsakanin ayyukan hankali da ayyukan zartarwa, yana da kyau a yi tsammanin tsohon zai kasance aƙalla wani ɓangare na ƙarshen. A takaice dai, ya kamata mu yi tsammanin cewa yayin aiwatarwa a cikin gwaje -gwaje don auna ayyukan zartarwa yana ƙaruwa, ana samun ƙaruwa a cikin gwaje -gwaje don kimanta hankali.
Dangane da gwaje -gwaje don ayyukan zartarwa, marubuta da yawa suna nuna cewa gwaje -gwajen da ke kimanta su ta hanyar bayyanannun ayyuka masu rikitarwa (misali, Gwajin Katin Wisconsin ko Hasumiyar Hanoi), ba su da aminci da inganci[3]. Ofaya daga cikin sanannun ƙoƙarin ƙoƙarin ƙoƙarin kawo ƙarshen wannan matsalar ita ce ta Miyake da masu haɗin gwiwa[3] waɗanda suka yi ƙoƙarin rushe ayyukan zartarwa zuwa sassa mafi sauƙi kuma, daidai, uku:

  • Hanawa;
  • sassaucin fahimta;

Ta hanyar sanannen binciken da aka gudanar kan manya-manyan jami'a, masu binciken iri ɗaya sun ba da haske kan yadda ake haɗa waɗannan ƙwarewar guda uku amma kuma a bayyane suke, kuma suna nuna cewa za su iya yin hasashen aiki a cikin ayyuka masu rikitarwa (misali, Hasumiyar Hanoi da kuma Gwajin Katin Wisconsin).

Duan da abokan aiki[1] a cikin 2010 sun yanke shawarar gwada samfurin Miyake shima a cikin shekarun haɓaka kuma, daidai, a cikin mutane masu shekaru tsakanin 11 zuwa 12. Manufar ita ce a lura ko ƙungiyar ayyukan zartarwa ta yi kama da abin da aka samu a cikin manya, wato tare da abubuwa uku (hanawa, sabunta ƙwaƙwalwar aiki da sassauci) da ke da alaƙa da juna amma har yanzu a bayyane yake.
Babban burin shine kimanta yadda aka yi bayanin sirrin ruwa ta ayyukan zartarwa.


Don yin wannan, marubutan binciken sun gabatar da mutane 61 zuwa kimantawar hankali ta hanyar Matsakaicin matrices na Raven, da kuma kimanta ayyukan fahimi a cikin ɓangarori uku da aka ambata.

SAKAMAKON

Dangane da haƙiƙa ta farko, sakamakon ya tabbatar da ainihin tsammanin: bangarorin ukun da aka auna na ayyukan zartarwa an daidaita su amma har yanzu ana rarrabasu, don haka ya kwafi, a cikin ƙananan matasa, sakamakon da Miyake da abokan haɗin gwiwa suka buga shekaru 10 da suka gabata.

Koyaya, wataƙila mafi ban sha'awa shine waɗanda ke da alaƙa da tambaya ta biyu: waɗanne ɓangarori ne na ayyukan zartarwa suka bayyana ƙimar da ta shafi hankali mai zurfi?
Kusan duk gwaje -gwaje na ayyukan zartarwa sun nuna alaƙa mai mahimmanci (sun kasance suna tafiya hannu da hannu) tare da maki a cikin gwajin hankali. Koyaya, ta hanyar "gyara" ƙimar don ƙimar daidaiton ma'amala tsakanin hanawa, sassauci da sabunta ƙwaƙwalwar aiki, kawai ƙarshen ya kasance yana da alaƙa da haɓakar ruwa (bayani game da 35%).

A GAMAWA ...

Kodayake sau da yawa ana alakanta ƙididdiga, ayyuka na hankali da na zartarwa suna ci gaba da bayyana a matsayin ginshiƙan ka'idoji guda biyu (ko, aƙalla, gwaje -gwajen da aka yi amfani da su don kimanta ɗaya ko ɗayan ginin da alama suna auna ƙarfin daban -daban). Duk da haka, sabunta ƙwaƙwalwar aiki yana bayyana ya zama wani ɓangaren ayyukan zartarwa da ke da alaƙa da hankali. Koyaya, kafin yaudarar kanmu cewa tambayar tana da sauƙi (wataƙila ɗauka cewa ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa mai aiki tana dacewa da ƙarancin hankali da akasin haka), yana da kyau a yi la’akari da cewa a cikin samfuran ban da “matsakaici”, abubuwa suna da rikitarwa sosai. Misali, a cikin takamaiman rikicewar ilmantarwa, ƙimar ƙwaƙwalwar aiki ba ta da alaƙa da IQ[2]. Don haka yana da mahimmanci a yi la’akari da bayanan da aka samu daga wannan binciken a matsayin abinci mai mahimmanci don tunani, tare da yin taka tsantsan maimakon hanzarta zuwa ƙarshe.

Hakanan kuna iya sha'awar ku:

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!