Yanzu sananne ne kuma sananne cewa ayyukan zartarwa suna da alaƙa (tare da hankali) zuwa fannoni da yawa na rayuwar mu: muna da bayanai game da hasashen su dangane da aikin ilimi, to creativeness, basirar karatu da fahimtar rubutu, a dabarun lissafi, to harshe da dukata'adi.

Yawancin lokaci, duk da haka, yayin nazarin tasirin ayyukan zartarwa akan muhimman fannonin rayuwarmu, bincike yana mai da hankali kan abin da ake kira ayyukan zartarwa masu sanyi, wannan shine mafi “fahimi” kuma kyauta daga motsin rai (misali, ƙwaƙwalwar aiki, sassaucin fahimta da hanawa); da yawa ana magana a maimakon abin da ake kira ayyukan zartarwa masu zafi, wato, waɗanda ke da alaƙa da manufofin da ke jagorantar yanke shawararmu (musamman idan abubuwan da ke motsawa ta fuskoki da motsawa), sarrafa motsin rai, neman gamsuwa da ikon jinkirta su .

A cikin 2018, Poon[2] saboda haka ya yanke shawarar gwada gungun matasa game da koyon makaranta da kuma game da jin daɗin halinsu da ikon daidaitawa; a lokaci guda, samari iri ɗaya sun fuskanci kimanta ayyukan zartarwa, masu sanyi da zafi, ta hanyar daidaitaccen baturi.


Menene ya fito daga binciken?

Duk da abin da marubucin ya faɗi a cikin labarin nasa, duk gwaje -gwajen da aka yi amfani da su don tantance sanyi (kulawar hankali, hana ƙwaƙwalwar aiki, sassauƙan fahimta da tsarawa) da zafi (yanke shawara. r = 0,18 ku!); wannan yana ba mu damar yin hasashe, daidai da abin da Miyake da abokan aiki suka yi jayayya[1], cewa bangarori daban -daban na ayyukan zartarwa ba sa rabuwa da juna.

Wani fasali mai ban sha'awa shi ne, net na tasirin matakin ilimi, ayyukan zartarwa masu sanyi sun kasance masu hasashe na aikin ilimi yayin da ayyukan zartarwa na kirki tabbatar da annabtadaidaitawar tunani.
Ayyukan zartarwa masu sanyi da zafi, yayin da suke aiki tare da juna, sannan da alama sun zama gine -gine guda biyu daban kuma tare da mahimmancin daban dangane da yanayin rayuwa daban -daban.

A ƙarshe, wasu mahimman bayanai sun shafi yanayin ɗimbin yawa a cikin gwaje -gwajen da aka yi amfani da su a cikin wannan binciken, daga shekara 12 zuwa 17: bakin aiki aiki ƙwaƙwalwar yana nuna ci gaba mai ɗorewa tare da shekaru (a cikin kewayon da aka yi la’akari da su a cikin wannan binciken), kuma yana nuna saurin haɓaka kusan shekaru 15; kuma kula da hankali yana bayyana a cikin ci gaba a cikin wannan rukunin shekaru; can hankali sassauci da alama yana ƙaruwa har zuwa shekaru 16; kamar haka, da ikon hanawa yana nuna hauhawar hauhawa daga 13 zuwa 16; can shiryawaa ƙarshe, yana nuna ci gaba mai ɗorewa tare da shekaru, yana nuna duk da haka ƙimar girma kusan shekaru 17.
Bambanci sosai shine yanayin ayyukan zartarwa masu zafi tunda yanayin daga shekaru 12 zuwa 17 yana da siffa mai kararrawa (ko jujjuya "U"); a wasu kalmomin, a kusa da shekaru 14-15, ana lura da wasan kwaikwayo mafi muni (a cikin wannan binciken) idan aka kwatanta da shekarun baya da na baya; mafi daidai, a cikin wannan ƙungiya akwai babban haɗarin haɗarin da neman ƙananan abubuwan jin daɗi nan da nan (idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda suka fi nisa a cikin lokaci amma sun fi girma).

Don kammala ...

Dangane da ayyukan zartarwa masu sanyi, hanawa, ƙwaƙwalwar aiki da sassauƙan fahimi suna bayyana girma a baya fiye da shiryawa; saboda haka ana iya ɗauka cewa tsohon (mafi mahimmanci) shine tushen ci gaban ƙarshen (na tsari mafi girma).

Idan aka kwatanta da ayyukan zartarwa masu zafi, abin da aka lura da juye juye "U" na iya yin bayanin karuwar ɗabi'a don halayen haɗarin da ake yawan gani a lokacin ƙuruciya.

Gabaɗaya, gwaje -gwajen ayyukan zartarwa masu sanyi da waɗanda na ayyukan zartarwa masu zafi sun bayyana a zahiri suna auna gine -gine daban -daban: tsohon, a zahiri, yana da alaƙa da samun ƙarin ƙimar "fahimi" (alal misali, aikin makaranta), na karshen suna da alaƙa da ƙarin manufofin zamantakewa da tunani.

Ƙarin hangen nesa na ayyukan zartarwa yana da amfani, galibi sau da yawa ba a daidaita shi ba akan ƙarin abubuwan da aka gyara sanyi.

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