Apraxia na magana cuta ce ta motsa jiki ta magana wacce ke tattare da jinkirin magana, gurɓata wasula da baƙaƙe da yawan dakatarwa tsakanin kalmomi ko tsakanin salo. Akwai yara masu ciwon apraxia na ci gaba, amma irin wannan matsalar na iya faruwa a cikin manya masu bi kwakwalwa rauni (bugun jini, rauni na kai) ko cututtukan neurodegenerative. Sau da yawa yakan faru ne tare da haɗin maganganun da aka samu (aphasia) kuma tare da matsalolin motsa jiki yayin aiwatar da motsin magana (dysarthria).

Babban matsalar apraxia shine motsi motsi. Me yasa hakan ke faruwa? Akwai maganganu guda uku:

  • Hasashen shirye-shiryen lalacewa (Tsarin Shirye-shiryen Lalacewa): wakilcin da suka shafi motsi sun lalace (aƙalla a wani bangare)
  • Tsammani na rarar dawo da shirin (Tsinkayar Samun Samun Shirye-shiryen Shirye-shiryen): Matsalar ita ce kunna shirin daidai lokacin da sauran shirye-shiryen motar suka sami kansu cikin gasa (sun yi kama ko an kunna su kwanan nan)
  • Hasashe na rage ikon ajiya (Rage ffarfin Buffer Capacity Hypothesis): ajiyar shirin motsi ba zai iya ƙunsar shirye-shiryen motar fiye da ɗaya a lokaci guda (wanda girman sa sigil ne)

Nazarin

Wani binciken da Mailend da abokan aiki suka yi a kwanan nan (2019) [1] sun yi ƙoƙarin kwatanta kwatancin biyun na ƙarshe.


Mahalarta taron sune:

  • Batutuwa 8 tare da apraxia (shida daga cikinsu tare da hadewar aphasia)
  • Batutuwa 9 tare da aphasia, amma ba tare da apraxia ba
  • 25 sarrafa batutuwa

Aikin shi ne kiyaye kalma ta farko (Firayim) bayan haka kalmar da za'a furta za ta bayyana (da fari a kan shuɗin baya). A wasu lokuta kalmar ta kasance daidai, a wasu kuma ba haka bane (saurin sauyawa tsakanin motsawa ta farko da ta biyu ya zama dole). Kalmomin sun kasance monosyllabic, tare da tsarin CVC da kuma sauti mai sauti 3-4.

Me yasa kalmomin monosyllabic? Don rarrabewa tsakanin maganganun biyu. Lalle ne:

  • Idan ra'ayoyin da aka rage na gaskiya ne, bai kamata mu ga wani jinkiri ba, saboda kalmomi na monosyllabic ne
  • Idan, a gefe guda, ka'idar kunnawa na daidai shirin gaskiya ne, za'a sami raguwa saboda shirye-shiryen gasar daban-daban

Sakamakon

A karshen, sakamakon ya nuna rashin jinkiri sosai a cikin marasa lafiya tare da apraxia, daidai da tunanin dawo da shirin. Don haka an shirya shirye-shiryen motar, zuwa wani lokaci, a lokacin firaminista, amma sai a canza su lokacin da wata kalma ta daban ta bayyana.

Wani bangare mai matukar ban sha'awa shi ne mutanen da ke da aphasia amma ba tare da apraxia ba, sun yi kuskure ko yaya, amma:

  • Lokutan Latency sunyi kama da na ƙungiyar kulawa (sabili da haka, sauyawa jinkirin kawai batutuwa tare da apraxia)
  • Babu bambance-bambance masu mahimmanci tsakanin batutuwan aphasic da ƙungiyar kulawa lokacin da aka gabatar da kalma mai kama (amma ba iri ɗaya ba) da ta firayim minista.

Kayanmu na aphasia

Aphasia ba kawai yana da motsin rai ba amma har da tsadar tattalin arziki ga mai haƙuri da danginsa. Wasu mutane, saboda dalilai na tattalin arziki, sun iyakance damar gyara su, duk da hujjojin da ke tallafawa buƙatar aiki mai ƙarfi da ci gaba. Saboda wannan, tun daga Satumba 2020, ana iya amfani da duk aikace-aikacenmu kyauta ta yanar gizo a ciki GameCenter Aphasia kuma duk akwai takardun aikinmu anan: https://www.trainingcognitivo.it/le-nostre-schede-in-pdf-gratuite/

Don labaran labarin akanaphasia zaka iya ziyarta mana kayan tarihi.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!
Andrea Vianello duk wata kalma da na saniAphasia da shekarun bugun jini