Sau da yawa muna jin labarin mutanen da ke fama da cutar dyslexia waɗanda ke da wayewa musamman kuma wasu shahararrun littattafai sun taimaka sosai don yaɗa ra'ayin cewa yawan hankali yana da yawa a cikin yanayin takamaiman ilimin ilmantarwa. Koyaya, waɗannan ra'ayoyin suna dogara ne akan labarai maimakon tabbatattun bayanai. Yaya gaskiyar gaskiya take?
Wannan ita ce tambayar da Toffaòini ya yi ƙoƙarin amsawa[1] da abokan aiki fewan shekarun da suka gabata tare da binciken su.

Me suka gano?

Kafin matsawa zuwa sakamakon, jigo ya dace: kamar yadda aka riga aka bayyana a cikin wasu yanayi (misali a cikin labarin akan Bayanan WISC-IV a cikin DSAs), a cikin kusan kashi 50% na mutanen da ke da takamaiman nakasa na ilmantarwa IQ ba za a iya fassarawa ba saboda bambancin ra'ayi tsakanin mahimman bayanai, musamman saboda rashin ingancin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar magana. A waɗannan yanayin muna komawa ga amfani daManyan Labarai na Zamani (jerin maki game da gwaji na tunani da fahimta, ban da ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar aiki da gwajin saurin aiki); wannan tsarin kuma ya sami dacewa ta wasu nazarin wanda ke nuna babban haɗin kai tsakanin wannan bayanan da IQ[2], kodayake ƙarshen ƙarshen ya fi tsinkaya ga nasarar ilimi da ilimi fiye da sauran sigogin da aka samo daga WISC-IV[1], wancan shine gwajin da akafi amfani dashi don kimantawar ilimi (a wannan batun, yana iya zama da amfani karanta ɗaya daga cikin namu labarin da ya gabata).


Sabili da haka, farawa daga zato cewa game da takamaiman rikicewar ilmantarwa (SLD) ya fi dacewa a auna matakin ilimi ta hanyarManyan Labarai na Zamani (maimakon IQ), marubutan wannan binciken sun so su lura da yadda sau da yawa, a cikin yawan mutanen da ke tare da ASD, hankali ke dacewa da rabe-raben bayarwa.

Bari mu matsa zuwa babban - sakamako mai ban sha'awa - wanda ya fito daga wannan binciken:

  • Amfani da IQ, kashi 0,71% na mutanen da ke tare da SLD ne kawai ke da baiwa fiye da kima, yayin da yawan jama'a wannan adadin ya kai 1,82% (watau a cikin samfurin ƙirar WISC-IV).
    Saboda haka, kimanta matakin ilimi ta hanyar IQ, zai zama kamar a tsakanin mutane masu takamaiman nakasa da ilmantarwa akwai kasa da rabin masu hazaka fiye da sauran na sauran jama'a.
  • Idan, a wani bangaren, ana amfani da Fihirisar Gwaninta gabaɗaya (wanda muka gani ya zama mafi ƙididdigar ƙididdigar matakin ilimi a cikin takamaiman nakasawar ilmantarwa), sai ya zamana cewa masu baiwa tare da takamaiman nakasa na ilmantarwa sun ninka ninki biyu na waɗanda suke. a cikin yawan jama'a, wannan shine 3,75%.

Kodayake tare da taka tsantsan (ba a bayyana yadda aka zaɓi samfurin mutanen da aka yi amfani da su a wannan binciken ba), bayanan suna da alama suna nuna kasancewar mafi kyawun mutane masu hazaka a cikin mutanen da ke tare da ASD idan aka kwatanta da abin da ke faruwa tsakanin mutane tare da ci gaba na al'ada.

Researcharin bincike ya kamata ya ba da haske kan abubuwan da ke iya haifar da wannan lamarin.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!