Isharar wani aiki ne wanda ya bayyana da wuri a cikin yaro kuma ya gabaci abin da daga baya zai zama magana ta magana. Gabaɗaya zamu iya rarraba isharar cikin mai zane (aikin nunawa) e wurin hutawa (yi kokarin kwaikwayon wani abu).

Ka'idoji irin na gargajiya game da cigaban sadarwa sun raba kayan kwalliya zuwa gida biyu:

  • Tsari (lokacin da yaro ya nuna tambaya)
  • Sanarwa (lokacin da yaro ya nuna ya raba motsin rai da gogewa).

A cewar Ba'amurke masanin halayyar dan adam Michael Tomasello (Asalin sadarwar dan adam) wannan ra'ayi yana da ragi sosai. A zahiri, a cikin jerin gwaje-gwajen da yayi ya nuna yadda yaron yake kar ka takaita kanka ga buƙatun neman biyan buƙata, amma yana tsammanin babba ya raba tunanin da yake ji game da abu; ƙari kuma, isharar na iya zama sau da yawa zuwa abubuwan da ba su nan da abubuwan da ke faruwa fiye da buƙata kai tsaye don wani abu da ake iya gani. Wadannan abubuwan mamaki, wanda na iya zama maras amfani, maimakon haka suna jaddada mallakar mahimman fasahohi ta bangaren yaro: neman hadin gwiwa, wayar da kan juna game da ilmi da tsammanin, samar da maslaha.


Ga marubucin Ba'amurke, saboda haka, akwai alloli fahimi abubuwan da ake bukata Amfani da isharar da aka ƙayyade wanda, a zahiri, zai iya yiwuwa ga yaro ya yi daga farkon watanni na rayuwa, amma wanda yaron ke amfani da shi a hankali cikin watanni 12.

Da kuma alamun motsa jiki? Kodayake sun fi rikitarwa daga mahangar fahimta kuma saboda haka suka bayyana daga baya, suna da saurin faduwa cikin gaggawa kusan shekaru 2 na shekaru. Babban abin shine fitowar harshe na magana wanda ya maye gurbin isharar kwaikwayo: lokacin da muka koyi kalma, sai mu daina yin abin da kalmar ta yi nuni da shi; bayan duk, amfani da kalmomi yafi sauki da rahusa. Akasin haka, isharar maƙarƙashiya ta ci gaba na dogon lokaci, koda lokacin da kalmomin farko suka bayyana. A matakin farko, a zahiri, yana haɗa harshe (yaro na iya faɗi kalma - misali fi'ili - haɗa shi da ishara), kuma a ƙarshe ba zai taɓa ɓacewa gaba ɗaya ba. Mafi yawa fiye da yadda muke tunani, a zahiri, mu manya muna nuna mutumin da muke tuntuba kusa da shi don ƙarfafawa ko haɓaka abin da muke faɗa da baki.

Don ƙarin koyo: Michael Tommasello, Asalin sadarwar dan adam, Milan, Cortina Raffaello, 2009.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!
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