"Fada min duk dabbobin da ke zuwa zuciyar ku cikin minti daya". Wannan isar gwaji ce ta al'ada Harshen magana, gabatar a cikin batura daban -daban don haɓaka da tsufa (BVN, BVL, NEPSY-II don suna kaɗan). Jarabawar tana da sauri don gudanarwa (minti ɗaya a kowane rukuni) kuma, wataƙila kuma saboda wannan dalili, ana amfani dashi sosai a cikin kimantawar neuropsychological. Amma menene daidai yake aunawa?

Lallai don samun nasarar gudanar da gwajin ƙwarewar ƙamus ɗin dole ne a sami mai kyau lexical da semantic sito daga inda ake zana kalmomin da suka dace. Shagon kadai, ba shakka, bai isa ba. Zuwa gare shi dole ne mu ƙara yiwuwar isa gare shi tare da dangi sauƙi

Wani muhimmin abu shine na dabarun da za a karɓa: akwai waɗanda, da zarar sun gano kwari (misali: “tashi”), suna ci gaba da abubuwa na aji ɗaya (“wasp”, “hornet”, “kudan zuma”) kafin su gudu su wuce zuwa wani saiti. dabbobin da ke da halaye iri ɗaya ("aku", "tattabara", "gaggafa"); akwai waɗancan, alal misali, waɗanda suka fi son yin amfani da dabarun lafazi ("kare", "canary", "hummingbird", "cormorant", "kada").


Hakanan kuna buƙatar ci gaba ƙwaƙwalwar amsoshin da aka riga aka bayar don gujewa maimaitawa.

A ƙarshe, tunda gwaje -gwajen ƙwarewa galibi suna da alaƙa da ƙamus biyu (alal misali, "Abinci" da "Dabbobi") da nau'ikan sauti guda biyu (alal misali, "Kalmomin da suka fara da S" da "Kalmomin da suka fara da F") yana da mahimmanci don samun isasshen isa. kyaututtuka na sassauci don kar a makale a cikin rukunin rukuni ɗaya (alal misali, rashin iya faɗi wani abu ban da kwari don rukunin "Dabbobi") ko a cikin nassi daga gwaji zuwa wani (yana faruwa, alal misali, wancan wasu yara da manya, a cikin gwajin "Ku gaya min duk kalmomin da suka fara da S" suna ci gaba da faɗin dabbobi kawai kamar "Maciji", "Scorpio", da sauransu).

Daga wannan ra'ayi, jarabawa ce mai “datti” sosai wanda baya auna takamaiman aiki, amma yana shafar inganci (ko rashin aiki) na ayyuka da yawa. Wasu karatuttukan, gami da na Italiyanci na Reverberi da abokan aiki [1], sun yi ƙoƙarin gano ƙananan abubuwan da ke cikin gwajin ƙwarewar ƙamus da kuma yadda waɗannan za su iya bayyana kansu a cikin nau'ikan cuta daban-daban (daga Cutar Alzheimer zuwa bambance -bambancen daban -daban na Ci gaban Aphasia Primary).

Don haka me yasa ake amfani dashi? Da farko saboda, a cikin babba, cututtuka daban-daban na degenerative na iya bayyana kansu da farko tare da raguwar ɗakunan ajiya na lexical-semantic da / ko samun damar dangi. Don haka muna da gwajin da za a iya gudanar da shi cikin kankanin lokaci wanda zai iya ba mu bayanai na farko kan yanayin lafiyar wannan ɓangaren harshe. Bugu da kari, an samar da ƙarin gwaje -gwaje masu rikitarwa ga manya, musamman waɗanda aka nuna ga waɗanda ke da ilimi mai zurfi, kamar canjin yanayin Costa da abokan aiki [2]. Bugu da ƙari, kodayake yana da matukar wahala a gano wuraren ɓarna da suka fara daga wannan gwajin, mun san cewa gabaɗayan matsalolin da ke tattare da muryoyin magana sun fi alaƙa da lalacewar gaba, yayin da smallan ƙaramin amsoshi ga juzu'i masu ma'ana suna daidaita tare da lalacewar da ta shafi lobe na ɗan lokaci [3]

Bibliography

[1] Reverberi C, Cherubini P, Baldinelli S, Luzzi S. Harshen ƙwarewa: tushen fahimi da aikin bincike a cikin rashin hankali da cutar Alzheimer. Cortex. 2014 Mayu; 54: 150-64. Doi: 10.1016 / j.cortex.2014.02.006

[2] Costa A, Bagoj E, Monaco M, Zabberoni S, De Rosa S, Papantonio AM, Mundi C, Caltagirone C, Carlesimo GA. Daidaitawa da bayanai na yau da kullun da aka samu a cikin yawan mutanen Italiya don sabon kayan aiki na magana mai ƙarfi, ƙirar madaidaiciyar magana. Neurol Sci. 2014 Mar; 35 (3): 365-72. doi: 10.1007 / s10072-013-1520-8

[3] Henry, JD, & Crawford, JR (2004). Binciken Meta-Analysis na Ayyukan Fassara Magana Bayan Raunin Cortical Cutar. Neuropsychology, 18(2), 284-295.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!
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