Ilimin ilimi na iya ba da gudummawa sosai ga yiwuwar samun aiki, inganta yanayin kuɗin mutum da samun damar ilimi mafi girma. Daga cikin ƙwarewar makaranta, karatu da lissafi su ne waɗanda ke tasiri kusan duk matakan rayuwar ɗalibi. Yawancin karatu sunyi ƙoƙari don gano masu canji masu dangantaka da nasara a waɗannan yankuna biyu.

A cikin binciken da aka yi kwanan nan, Geary da abokan aiki (2020) [1] sun bincika alaƙar da ke tsakanin masu canji daban-daban da ƙwarewar karatu da lissafi a cikin rukuni na ɗalibai 315 na biyu da na uku. An tantance dukkan mahalarta ta hanyar:

  • IQ gwajin (Raven matrices da ƙamus)
  • Gwaje-gwaje masu alaƙa da karatu da lissafi (ayyukan adadi da gwajin karatu)
  • Sauran gwaje-gwaje na fahimi (adadin lambobi, jerin kalmomin da za a haddace, Gwajin kwalliya)

Bugu da ƙari, motsawar karatu (kimanta mahimmancin batutuwan da za a yi nazarin su), damuwa game da lissafi da halayyar hankali an bincika su.


Hankali (haɗe tare da ƙwaƙwalwar aiki) ya haifar babban siga don tsinkaya saurin da daidaito na karatu da dabarun lissafi. Halin hankali, a gefe guda, da alama yana da muhimmiyar rawa a cikin lissafi fiye da karatu. Rashin hankali, a aikace, na iya haifar da jinkirin koyon lissafi. Wani zaton da marubutan suka yi bayan nazarin bayanan shi ne cewa ƙwarewar sarari na iya haɓaka tasirin ilimin ilimin lissafi; haka kuma, gwajin hangen nesa (kamar na Corsi) na iya taimakawa wajen fahimtar bambance-bambance a cikin nasarar lissafi tsakanin yara daban-daban. Memorywaƙwalwar ajiyar gajeriyar magana ta zama kaɗai mai hangen nesa da ke da alaƙa da karatu (daidaito da sauri), amma ba ilimin lissafi ba.

Kwarewar fahimta, kulawa a cikin aji da kuma sha'awar maudu'in akan batun suna da kusanci sosai. A gefe guda, rashin kulawa na iya zama saboda gaskiyar cewa ɗalibin da ke fama da matsalolin ilimi a jima ko kuma daga baya ya rasa sha'awar batun; haka kuma, ɗaliban da ke da ƙwarewar haɓaka ƙwarewa suna ba da ƙarin lokaci a cikin karatun makaranta saboda suna da ƙananan matsaloli. Daga wannan mahangar, ya zama dole a sanya darussan su zama masu kayatarwa da saukin fahimta don kiyaye hankalin daliban; An gano cewa ɗaliban da ke da matsala ta lissafi da karatu suna da haɗarin fuskantar matsalolin ilimi da na aiki a duk rayuwarsu.

Akwai masu canji da yawa waɗanda zasu iya haɓaka tare da matsalolin ilimi (kamar yanayin da mutum yake rayuwa, da dai sauransu). Duk da waɗannan iyakance, wannan binciken yana buɗe sabbin hanyoyin bincike na yau da kullun don fahimtar matsalolin ilimi fiye da sauƙin shaidar da ta shafi karatun makaranta.

Bibliography

Geary David C., Hoard Mary K., Nugent Lara, alnal Zehra E., Scofield John E., Comorbid Ilmantarwa Matsalolin Karatu da Lissafi: Matsayin Leken Asiri da Halin Hankali A Cikin Aji, Yankin gaba a Ilimin halin dan adam, 11: 3138, 2020

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!