Gwaje-gwaje na matakin ilimi yanzu sun shiga aikin asibiti a cikin shekarun girma, musamman lokacin da kimantawa na yaro ko saurayi ya shafi fannoni masu hankali.

Misalin misali shine na takamaiman rikice-rikicen ilmantarwa: ƙididdigar bincike sun haɗa da, a tsakanin sauran ƙa'idodi, ban da kasancewar ƙarancin ilimi; don wannan dalili, aikin yana hango amfani da gwaje-gwaje don IQ (IQ), yawanci abubuwan masarufi kamar WISC-IV. Wannan gwajin ya dogara ne akan abin da ake kira samfurin CHC don auna ƙwarewar fahimta ƙuntata e babba.

Samfurin CHC ya hango matakan tsari guda 3: a saman akwai g g, wanda zamu iya komawa lokacin da muke magana game da hankalin mutum na duniya, wanda mai yiwuwa yakamata ya samu daga aunawar QI; a matakin matsakaici ya kamata a sami wasu ƙasa da janar amma har yanzu abubuwa masu faɗi (misali, ruwa mai hankali, babbar murya, Thekoyo da kuma hangen nesa); a matakin mafi ƙanƙanci ya kamata a sami takamaiman ƙwarewar musamman (alal misali, nazarin sararin samaniya, lambar sauti).


WISC-IV, kamar sauran gwaje-gwaje, yana mai da hankali kan manyan matakan biyu: g factor (saboda haka IQ) da kuma abubuwan da aka faɗaɗa na sashi na biyu (alal misali, na fi'ili fahimtashi gani-fahimta fahimta, da ƙwaƙwalwar aiki da kuma saurin aiki).

Koyaya, a lokuta da yawa IQ ba ya zama mai fassara saboda manyan sabani tsakanin ɗimbin maki da aka samu a cikin WISC-IV; wannan shine batun takamaiman ilimin ilmantarwa (SLD): bisa ga wasu ƙididdiga, a cikin 50% bayanin martabar ilimi zai nuna sabanin ra'ayi wanda yasa IQ ya zama lamba mara ma'ana. A cikin waɗannan yanayi, masana halayyar ɗan adam da ke aiwatar da wannan ƙididdigar suna yawan mai da hankali kan abubuwan da ke cikin layin na biyu, suna nazarin ƙarfi da rauni.

A duk wannan jawabin, galibi ana gafala da wasu fannoni:

  • Nawa ne matakin ilimin (QI) ne a duniya hade da matsalolin ilimi?
  • Nawa ne dalilai na Layer na biyu, wanda yawanci ana auna shi ta hanyar gwaje-gwajen abubuwa masu yawa, sune masu hasashen samun nasarar ilimi?

A cikin 2018, Zaboski[1] da abokan aikinsa sun yi ƙoƙari su amsa wannan tambayar ta hanyar nazarin binciken da aka buga a kan wannan batun daga 1988 zuwa 2015. Musamman, sun kalli nazarin da aka tantance matakin ilimi tare da ma'auni masu yawa domin IQ da sauransu dalilai suna da alaƙa da karatun makaranta. Musamman, ban da QI, an zaɓi binciken da ya yi la'akari tunani ruwa, Janar bayani (wanda kuma zamu iya komawa zuwa babbar murya), ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar lokaci, aikin gani, aikin sauraro, waƙwalwar ajiyar lokaci, saurin aiki.

Me masu binciken suka gano?

Yawancin ƙwarewar da aka faɗaɗa za su iya bayyana ƙasa da 10% na nasarar ilimi e kar ya wuce kashi 20%, ba tare da la'akari da shekarun da aka yi la'akari ba (a kan wani lokaci wanda ya fara daga shekara 6 zuwa 19). Madadin haka, IQ zai bayyana a kan kimanin 54% na nasarar ilimi (ya fara daga mafi karancin kashi 41% na karatu tun yana dan shekara 6-8, zuwa kusan 60% na dabarun lissafi, kuma yana da shekaru 6-8).

Daga cikin fadada dabarun, daJanar bayani ya bayyana shine wanda yafi kusancin alaƙa da wasu karatun makaranta, musamman ga ƙwarewar karatu da fahimtar rubutu; a duka bangarorin biyu bambancin da aka bayyana shine 20%.

A gefe guda, yana da ban sha'awa a lura da rashin daidaito tsakanin tunani ruwa kuma kusan dukkanin karatun makaranta an tantance su a cikin wannan binciken. Iyakar abin da aka keɓance sune ƙwarewar lissafi na asali a cikin ƙungiyar shekaru 9-13 (an bayyana bambancin kashi 11%) da ƙwarewar warware matsalar lissafi a cikin rukunin shekaru 14-19 (an bayyana bambancin 11%).

Wannan bayanan yana buƙatar yin tunani game da amfani da gwaje-gwajen ƙididdiga irin su Matakan Raven na ci gaba (har ila yau ana amfani da shi azaman gwajin gwaji kawai a cikin kimantawar bincike da yawa) waɗanda aka mai da hankali kawai ga tunanin ruwa.

Kusan kusan kasancewar rauni dangantaka tsakanin fadada dabarun samfurin CHC da karatun makaranta, yana nuna taka tsantsan wajen fassarawa da yin tsinkaye bisa la'akari da wadannan alamun (misali, kan aikin ilimi ko yiwuwar samun nakasun karatu)

A takaice, gwargwadon bayanan wannan binciken, jimlar yawan ma'aunin ilimi, watau IQ, da alama shine kawai bayanan da ke hade da aikin ilimi.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!