Wani darasi da muka yi magana a kai a lokuta da dama shi ne na shisshigi nesa: mun yi magana game da shi don dyslexia, don psychotherapy, don ciwon kai kuma gaaphasia. Mun koya cewa kodayake bazai iya zama hanyar da muke so ba, fasaha tana da taimako sosai a yau kuma yana yiwuwa a sami sakamako mai kyau tare da mara lafiya koda ba tare da kasancewa a zahiri ba.

Aikin kwararru da yawa, kodayake, ba wai kawai ya shafi ƙarfin gwiwa bane, da tunanin mutum da kuma farfadowa, amma galibi yakan fara ne da kimantawa. A wannan gaba tambayar da ke gaba ɗaya halal ce: shin zai yiwu a aiwatar da kimantawa, watakila tare da gwajin takarda da fensir, ba tare da kasancewar ƙwararrakin ba?

An yi sa'a a gare mu, wannan tambaya ce da masu bincike da yawa suka tambayi kansu waɗanda suka yanke shawarar gwada wannan tunanin.


A cikin 2014, Cullum da abokan aiki[1] bincika yiwuwar bambance-bambancen da ke cikin sakamakon gwajin ta hanyar kwatanta hanyoyi daban-daban na gudanarwa: a cikin mutum ko kuma nesa (ci gaba da tuntuɓar mai aiki ta hanyar bidiyo). Don yin wannan sai suka zaɓi rukuni na mutane waɗanda suke da lafiyayyun ɗabi'un mutane, da MCI da kuma mutane masu yiwuwar Cutar Alzheimer. Duk waɗannan mutanen sun sami gwaje-gwaje na fahmi masu zuwa:

  • Mini-Hankali na State kimantawa (MMSE)
  • Gwajin zane na agogo, wani gwaji wanda ya bazu sosai a fagen ilimin dementias.
  • Gwajin Horar Ibrananci na HopkinsHVLT-R), gwajin koyon magana da ke kama da Rey's 15 Word Exam Test (gani nan ga karamin bayani)
  • Zazzabin ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwayar cuta, gwaji na ayyukan zartarwa da harshe (gani nan ga takaitaccen bayanin)
  • Kalaman Soyayya, gwaji na ƙwarewar ƙwaƙwalwa da harshe (gani nan ga takaitaccen bayanin)
  • Gwajin Nazarin BostonBNT), gwajin magana da bakigani nan ga takaitaccen bayanin)

Dukkanin waɗannan gwaje-gwajen an gudanar dasu ga kowane mahalarta bincike, a cikin nau'ikan layi ɗaya, a duka halayen, a gaban jiki na ƙwararru kuma a nesa (a ƙarƙashin kulawar bidiyo).

Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa ta farko ita ce yawan gwaji, tare da duk hanyoyin biyun gudanarwa, sun nuna mahimmancin ka'idoji: daga ƙaramin r = 0,55 (Siffar verseaƙƙarfan Inji) zuwa matsakaicin r = 0,91 (MMSE) , tare da matsakaicin r = 0,74.
A takaice dai, sakamakon gwaji a cikin hanyoyin biyu sun kasance masu daidaitawa.

Ko da kwatanta wadatar kowane gwaji a cikin kowane yanayi, a mafi yawan lokuta babu bambance-bambance masu mahimmancin ra'ayi (kuma, lokacin da ba su, sun kasance sun sakaci cikin asibiti).

Bayan haka, Wadswoth da masu haɗin gwiwa[3] sun jagoranci daya irin wannan binciken, albeit tare da ƙarancin ƙananan lambobi, yin amfani da gwaje-gwaje iri ɗaya da kuma hanyoyin guda ɗaya na gudanarwa, tare da ƙari na Oral Trail a cikin siffofin A da B (nau'in bambance-bambancen magana na TMT A da B) Duba nan don taƙaitaccen bayanin).

Har yanzu Tsarin aiki tsakanin tsarin tafiyar gwaje-gwaje daban-daban ya kiyaye sosai, tafiya daga mafi ƙarancin r = 0,62 don Gwajin ƙira na agogo zuwa iyakar r = 0,93 don Fluences na Phonological da BNT, tare da matsakaicin r = 0,82.

Yi kama da binciken da aka ambata a baya, hanyar da maki a cikin yanayi biyun a mafi yawan lokuta ba su kai mahimmancin ilimin lissafi ba.

Binciken da aka bayyana ya zuwa yanzu ya magance matsalar yiwuwar kimantawar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa da amincinsa; duk da haka, ingantaccen binciken binciken ya ɓace (don taƙaitaccen ma'anar inganci da amincin tuntuɓarmu) Jawabin Magana da Neuropsychological Magana). Game da wannan, Wadsworth da abokan aiki[2] Mun gudanar da wani bincike, game da batutuwa 200 (duka biyu lafiya da kuma tare da MCI da dementia), tare danufin nuna cewa kimantawa da aka gudanar a kai tsaye ya iya bambance masu lafiyar masu koshin hankali, gwargwadon kimantawa na mutum.

Gwaje-gwajen da aka yi amfani da su iri ɗaya ne da na farko binciken da aka bayyana kuma a wannan yanayin an lura da masu zuwa:

  • Matsakaitan adadin maki a cikin hanyoyin guda biyu ba su bambanta ba kusan babu ta wata hanyar ilimin zamani ba
  • Rage girman tasirin yana nuni da cewa kawai karamin sashi na bambancin maki ake iya bayanin shi ta hanyar gudanar da gwajin.
  • Batirin gwaje-gwaje ya sami damar bambance mutane masu lafiya daga masu rauni ba tare da la’akari da hanyar gudanarwa (fuskantar fuska ko nesa ba)

Ta hanyar gabatar da binciken sama, da alama zai iya yin la'akari da kimantawar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwayar cuta wanda aka gudanar da sauri, ta haka ne samar da sabis ga waɗanda suke da raunin raunin don kai wa ga kwararren a asibiti, halin da ake ciki yanzu bayan fashewar gaggawa na COVID-19.
Ba ma ɓoye wasu shakku game da yiwuwar cewa "teleneuropsychology" yana da wasu ƙayyadaddun iyakoki, musamman game da yiwuwar lura da wasu fannoni na cancantar da za su iya zama bayyananniya a gaban mai haƙuri, kamar yadda wasu gwaje-gwaje na iya zama da rikitarwa don gudanarwa idan ba haka ba tare da kankare taimakon masu sana'a. A wannan yanayin, muna shiga cikin fannin ra'ayi yayin, idan muna son kasancewa da aminci ga bayanan, waɗannan a halin yanzu suna bayyana mai kyau.

Fara bugawa kuma latsa Shigar don bincika

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!
Wadanne fannoni na ADHD ke shafar nasarar ilimi?